Balinese believe that…
Balinese believe that good and evil, right and left, gods and demons are banded into two opposing faction, constantly at war but depend on each other as a unity. To counterbalance the healthy influence of the gods who produce cleanliness, luck and fertility, there are evil spirits responsible for all illness and misfortune. If there is no demon, the god will also ceased to exist; there is nothing that can be called ‘good’ if there is no ‘evil’. This concept of duality in unity (rwa bhineda) is applied in almost every part of Balinese daily life, man and woman, day and night, happy and sad, etc.
Balinese believe that their action will be reciprocated, an eye for an eye. When a Balinese help someone he believes that someday someone will help him. Another example is the cremation ceremony. There is a compulsion to help other in the time of death since some day our turn and of that our family members will come and we want other to help us in a same compulsion. A breech in this reciprocated cycle is heavily punished by the society. The worst punishment for this breech is expelled from society, for Balinese this punishment is a living hell, worst than dead.
Balinese believe in reincarnation. When a baby born into a family, the family will consult a shaman to obtain information on who is reincarnate into this newborn baby, the result is usually a spirit of ancestor is descent to this family in the body of newborn baby. Since the ancestor will incarnate inside the family, a cycle of incarnation is created. The Balinese will do everything keep this cycle by having a son that will continue this cycle and the family line.
Balinese believe in the result of an action, karma phala (fruit of action). What happen in our life now is the result of our action in the past life, and what will happen in our next life is the result our action in this recent life. The concept of reciprocation also play important role in this matter. If we kill someone in our past life, we will be killed by somebody else in this present life. This concept makes Balinese ardent believers of destiny; everything in this present life is already arranged by the God based on our action in the past life. In the old days, this concept is held strongly by the Balinese and prevents them from doing bad things to other, but nowadays some Balinese begin to doubt this concept.
Balinese believe that all things in the world have spirit in them; there is a spirit in the tree rock, house, weapon, book, or even in a car. An offering is given to the tree, sacred rock, car, motorcycle, computer, television, weapon, book, etc. a special holiday is dedicated to the plant (Tumpek Wariga), to animal (Tumpek Uye)to anything that made of metal (Tumpek Landep), to musical instrument and theatrical wardrobe (Tumpek Krulut) and to leather puppet (Tumpek Wayang)
Balinese believe that all the things in the world have double-edged effect. There is nothing in the Balinese world that only has positive effect without negative one. The saying “too much love can kill you” is the perfect of example of this concept.