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Balinese Farmers and the Seasons  

by on Wednesday, 4 June 20082 Comments | 773 views

Situated near equator, consequently, Bali has two seasons namely dry season and wet season. For centuries, Balinese have taken full advantage of these seasons especially in the field of agriculture. Agriculture in Bali depends highly on the availability of water that greatly affected by the seasons. There is great difference of water availability between the dry and the rainy season to cope, with this Balinese has invented a way or two.

One of many ways that applied by Balinese to cope with this difference is applying three different planting seasons namely Kerta masa, Gadon, and Pabianan, based on the seasons. These planting seasons are regulated using the traditional Balinese calendar, one rotation of these three seasons, usually needs one year of Balinese traditional calendar to complete.

Kerta masa is a planting seasons that starts in the rainy seasons usually around October. During this planting season Balinese usually plant the rapid growing rice. Gadon or kerta gadon is a planting season that starts in the beginning of the dry season usually around February; Balinese usually plant rice. The last planting season is pabianan that usually start at the peak of dry season; Balinese usually plant corn, soybean, or nut.

These planting seasons gives the Balinese farmers full opportunity to continue to farm even in dry season and at the end maximize the output of the agriculture activities in Bali.

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  • 2 Comments »

    • devari said:

      things are little bit different in Nusa Penida, it is almost always a dry season the whole year. no wonder, the island is well knows as ‘dry island’

    • sidarta (author) said:

      yes, Nusa penida does not follow this pattern, and most of areas in bali’s coast are also dry land which are not suitable for rice field

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