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Museum Bali, the Historical Period  

by on Friday, 28 July 2006No Comment | 2,041 views

The historical period of Bali is divided into three sub-periods which includes :

a. The Ancient Period ( 800 – 1343 AD)

The collections from this period that are displayed: stupika, the miniature of a stupa (Buddhist temple) made of clay and there is a stamp or tablet inside. The tablet is written with Pranegari script in Sanskrit language containing Buddhist mantras. A great number of stupikas were found in Pejeng village and Tatiapi, Blahbatuh village (Gianyar) which can be traced back to 800 AD, and it was the first writing ever found indicating the beginning of Bali history. Also displayed findings of this age of stone and bronze statues (arca) such as : Arca Dewi Tara, Arca Manjucri and others as the media for worshipping the divined king’s spirit. Trading system had also been going on in that period, proved by the remains found such as : gold and silver currencies and perforated Chinese coins. Photographs of architectural remains from the period are also displayed such as : Gunung Kawi temple, Gua Gajah/Elephant cave and Yeh Pulu temple.

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b. The Middle Period (1343 -1846 AD)

This period started by the fall of the ancient Balinese kingdom into Majapahit kingdom’s domination in the year of 1343. The period was also known as the period of Majapahit’s influence. During this period, various traditions used by Majapahit kingdom in Java were adopted and applied in Bali, stich as the former term keraton (king’s place) was changed to pura, e.g. Keraton Samprangan became Semarapura, and at last the word pura was changed again to become puri.

The government center which was at first located at Samprangan was moved to Ge1ge1, and here the kingdom reached its golden era in the reign of Dalem Waturenggong. Religious life progressed very fast in this era where Besakih temple was widened and to be used for the mother temple of all Hindu society in Bali. Moreover, after Dang Hyang Nirartha and Dang Hyang Astapaka Javanese saints) came to Bali, the foundation and development of holy places or temples was ever increasing all over Bali. Collections displayed from this period such as : a Lingga kembar (twin lingga), sandstone statues, a priest statue, a bronze light, jars and some types of ceramic.

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c. The Modern Period (1846 – now days)

This period started from the trade relationship between kings of Bali with the Dutch colonial government settling down in Batavia (Jakarta). The relationship was continued by the Dutch’s intention to conquer the island which was opposed by the kings of Bali. Unavoidably, puputan (fight to the end) wars were then broke out between Balinese kings against the Dutch: first the jagaraga battle in-Singaraja, north Bali in 1846, afterwards in Denpasar known as Puputan Badung on September 20, 1906, and the last was Puputan Klungkung on April 28, 1908 with the victory of the Dutch.

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