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Home » History

The Chronicles of Chinese Community in Bali: Part I  

by on Tuesday, 12 April 2011No Comment | 268 views

The Coming of Masters in Trading

In Indonesia, Chinese community has been known as a community who is brilliant in trading or business matters. In Bali, they don’t only play important role in trading but also in many aspects of life. On the previous years they were volunteers of many empires in Bali, introduced the new thing in farming, and even had high positions in Balinese social life.

According to Vokstelling, a census done by Dutch in colonial era in 1930, it is noted that the coming of Chinese immigrants to Indonesia during 1869-1890 influenced the total sum of Chinese community stayed in Indonesia gradually; from 221.438 to 451.089. In the meantime, Chinese community came to Bali within some different periods just like before Majapahit era and in colonial period.

The prominent thing reminding the coming of Chinese community to Bali before Majapahit era is the use of Mong, official currency in Bali on that time. It means that trading activity in Bali was dominated by Chinese community. In addition at about 4 km from Pura Penulisan which has existed from X century there is another temple named Pura Balingkang. The name of this temple is considered taken from the name of Chinese princess whose surname was Kang and married with the King of Bali. Pura Balingkang is exactly situated in Pingan village, In Chinese language Pingan means peaceful.

In colonial era, in 1869, Lie Sing Hwat and a nephew came to Bali with other immigrants. According to Sing Hwat’s descendants, the King of Bangli allowed Sing Hwat to live in Nongan, a frontier between three empires Karangasem-Bangli-Klungkung. Meanwhile his nephew, Lie Bun Gong decided to join Bangli’s troop with some Chinese young men to secure another frontier, frontier between empire of Bangli-Badung-Buleleng. He was on duty in Lampu Village, Catur Hills Kintamani-Batur, 40 km away from Nongan village.

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