The Origin of Kasodo Ceremony
The legend has it, at the end of 15th century; the Kingdom of Majapahit was in its final hours due to rapid expanding of Islam, there was chaos everywhere. The Princess Roro Anteng and her husband Joko Seger fled to mountainous region of East Java. They ruled that region and named it Tengger, The word Tengger was derived from Roro Anteng and Joko Seger. Then Joko Seger surnamed himself the Purba Wasesa Mangkurat Ing Tengger which means the righteous ruler of Tengger.
For years the region flourished in prosperity but the king and queen felt unhappy since they had no child. On their desperation, they decided to climb the top of the volcano to pray and supplicate God, the Almighty. satisfied by their zealous meditation, God showed His power, the crater lifted up miraculously followed by a lightning that made the surrounding and divine voice, announcing that the couple would have 25 children but they they should sacrifice their last child in return.
Not long after, the first baby boy was born and Roro Anteng named him Tumenggung Klewung. Child after child was born during the years and it reached 25 in number. The last child was named Kesuma.
Roro Anteng and Joko Seger were very happy ever since, love and affection were imparted among their children. Happiness lingered on years after years, but a dull and sad feeling still haunted them since the prophecy would happened one day. And finally, the dreaded day came, God reminded them of their promise and asked for their youngest children.
Since their love for Kesuma was so strong, they decided to break their promise by not offering him to the God. They brought away their children in order to save Kesuma. They tried to hide here and there but to no avail.Calamities followed close at their heels, the dreadful eruption of the volcano followed everywhere they run. Finally Kesuma made a decision to fulfill the promise to appease God. He went to the crater and threw himself to the crater of the mountain. Miraculously , the eruption stopped and divine voice echoed: “My dear brothers and sisters, my sacrifice is accepted by God and all of you will be safe. I hope you will live peacefully and prosperously. Don’t forget to assist your brothers and sisters, to worship God constantly and to arrange a ceremony annually on 14th of Kasada for the sake of God almighty.”
Kesuma’s Brothers and sisters followed his advice, the ceremony has been held annually just from generation to generation up to present time.