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Tipat – Bantal War / Aci Rah Pengangon  

by on Thursday, 1 October 2009No Comment | 1,194 views

Perang Tipat

Kapal Villlage is one of traditional village in Bali that is rich with unique culture, customs and traditions, this village is part of Mengwi District in Badung Regency – Bali, that have many interesting and unique traditions. One of these traditions is The Aci Rah Pengangon, known by local people as Perang Tipat‐Bantal or The TipatBantal War. This Tradition highly connected with the agricultural life of its society, represents A Thanks to God for creating life and also for the good rice harvest. This tradition is due every Sasih Kapat, or the Fourth Month in Balinese Calendar around September – October. It is performed in the form of Tipat – Bantal war, a battle using tipat and bantal as weapons.

Tipat/Ketupat is the name of a food that is made from cooked rice wrapped in square shapes matting of Janur (young leaf of coconut tree), and Bantal is a cake made of cooked rice which is also wrapped with Janur in cylinder shape. This two matters symbolizing Masculine and Feminine energy in this universe..Male and Female, Day and Night…the dualism concept, the energy that create life, which is in Hinduism known as the Purusha and Predhana. The meeting of these two things is believe giving life to all matters in this universe, all things that live and expand either from ground ( grow ), laying eggs and also born was begin from this event

In this ceremony, the communities of Kapal Village gather around in the Mother Temple (Pura Desa) of the village, after conducting a procession and praying, they divide themselves become two groups in the front of the temple, armed with Bantal and Tipat, both groups then pelting each other and try to confront their weapons in the air, the meeting of Masculine and Feminine energy…this is also represents that foods is the most ultimate weapon in this life, and in fact, almost everything that we do in this life is always about fulfilling our need for food. Almost every country and civilization in this world have an agricultural tradition that has similarities with this kind of tradition such as the tomatoes war in Spain.

From this tradition we can also trace back a believe among locals about the prohibition of selling Tipat in this village. Tipat in this context is symbolization of feminine energy..the female..believed to be deputized by the existence of Mother Earth in its physical form as Land/Ground. Land/Ground is a place for us to live, a place to grow and expand which must be taken care of and preserves, and this local wisdom is still strongly hold by its society. When did this tradition was held for the first time were explained in many ancient history notes in the form of palm leaf manuscripts, and one of the manuscripts that narrating about the origin of this tradition is the manuscript of Tabuh Rah Pengangon that is property of Mr. Ketut Sudarsana, an expert in ancient palm manuscripts, the manuscript explained the story as follows :

When Asta Sura Ratna Bhumi Banten become King in Bali replaced his brother, Shri Walajaya Kertaningrat who deceased in 1259 Isaka year or in 1337, he lifted a so called Patih, his name was Ki Kebo Taruna or known as Ki Kebo Iwa and a Mahapatih, Ki Pasung Grigis. During that period the King ordered the Patih to restorate the Temple of Khayangan Purusada in Kapal village. By the year 1260 Isaka or 1338 Ki Kebo Iwa accompanied by Pasek Gelgel, Pasek Tangkas, Pasek Bendesa and Pasek Gaduh departed to Khayangan Purusadha in Kapal village, but before that, they first went to Nyanyi village to get bricks as material for the restoration of the temple. It didn’t explained how the restoration was done, but on a time at that moment, Kapal village was having Paceklik (drought, all the crops died and the people were suffering and starving) that causing chaotic situation.

Because of this situation, Ki Kebo Iwa requested a way out to God by conducting Yoga meditation in Khayangan Bhatara Purusada. At that time he get Sabdha ( the holy voice) from Hyang Siwa Pasupati, the God, the Voices told him to conduct a procession called Aci Rah Pengangon or Aci Rare Angon by offerings Tipat and Bantal that symbolizing the Purusha and Predhana ( sources of life ) because the bad things that happens in the village was caused by that the source of life is no longer existed. From the sabdha he also obtained a command that prohibited the Peoples of Kapal Village to sell Tipat because Tipat symbolizing the Predhana / Feminism energy / Mother earth.

After Aci Rah Pengangon was held, Kapal village regain its prosperous. After finishing his duty, Patih Ki Kebo Iwa returned to the King’s Palace in Batu Anyar ( today known as Bedulu ), not long after that Bali was subdued by the Majapahit Empire in the 1265 Isaka year or 1334. This is how the Tipat – Bantal War tradition occurred, one of so many old wisdom which we must understand, taken care of and preserves as a guidance’s to give more respect to life and nature

This year the Perang Tipat – Bantal in Kapal Village will be conducted on October 5th, for more information please contact us at :info@balidynamic.com, suarsawan@gmail.com atau gaduh_saraf@yahoo.com

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