Understand Subak More at Museum Subak
Subak is without doubt a backbone of Balinese rice cultivation. Subak can refer to Balinese water management and irrigation system and also a socio-religious agricultural association. As explained in the article released by Australian National University, Canberra, Subak is considered as the most effective irrigation organization in the world.
In the meantime the most effective way to understand ‘what is Subak’ exactly is to come to Museum Subak, situated in Sanggulan, Tabanan regency, 2 km away from central Tabanan. This museum is built with a purpose to preserve national cultural heritage existing since 9th Century. Opened in 1981, Museum Subak exhibits hundreds of rice cultivation tools from very traditional ones to contemporary ones, from old ones which had not been used anymore to the tools which are still utilized by the farmers.
Subak is foremost a communally owned irrigation system based on customary law of socio-agrarian, religious nature. In this case, Balinese called that socio-agrarian-religious nature with Tri Hita Karana containing a concept that people should maintain their harmonious relationship with God, Other People, and Environment. And this museum which has airy exhibition rooms, audio-visual room, study room, lodge, library, and irrigation system miniature provides us with deep explanation of Tri Hita Karana concept applied in Subak system.
In addition Subak Museum will give you explanation how this organization work, where they get water sources and how they control the correct water flow to the terraced field so that they can get good corps. And not to mention a special calendar named Tika based on Pawukon Cycle which is the most important thing for farmers to decide when the best day to start planting is also exhibited here
For only IDR 5000 for the entrance fee, you will leave this shady and leafy place with abundant knowledge of irrigation system and rice cultivation management used by Balinese farmers. You can visit this museum from Monday to Saturday, 8.00-17.00, except Friday as it opens until 12.00.
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